In recent years, for example, China and the United States have obviously protruded, and each has “BRICS+” and “G7” organizations (although China is partnered and not aligned). From a practical standpoint, I have always advocated for the use of “two major belts and two groups” to summarize today’s new world pattern, namely the G20 framework: the United States leads 10 developed countries, China leads 10 developing countries, and nearly 20 major powers are the main players, forming such a “joint and share” pattern.
I’d want to underline that China is the most important trading partner of industrialized countries including the United States, Europe, Japan, Australia, and South Korea. China’s particular presence not only plays a leadership role in developing nations, but there is also a tight dependency with the developed country camp, which serves as a link and bridge between the two groups. Furthermore, China has the largest influence in terms of peaceful growth and collaboration. Both its foreign policy and its fundamental national development strategy are centered on peaceful development and cooperation.
Some new elements have also evolved in this complicated interaction process, such as “political cold and economic hot” becoming more evident, and sometimes cold and sometimes hot (this may constitute the basis of “warm war” to a certain extent). There will be volatile fluctuations of “talking and fighting” between nations, such as Russia and Ukraine, but in overall, there is more conversation and less fighting, and certain new aspects may be identified.
The outbreak of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict is a novel circumstance. Russia is tiny and wide, with a slanted blade. It will employ nuclear weapons and extraordinary national resources to submerge the United States and Europe. It remains to be seen whether it has the ability to disrupt the current pattern. Although the US is not a “thin camel,” Trump’s “hegemonic concern” + defeatist conduct has immediately extended to Japan, Europe, South Korea, and Australia.
Boris Johnson, who resembles Trump the most, resigned in shame, showing the weaknesses in the developed camp. A hundred times, yet making the century-old transition more dynamic. China appears to be powerful, but it is careful and balanced, and the inertia of maintaining a low profile persists (especially after the war between Russia and Ukraine). People everywhere want more mature and stable international relations and major power interactions, which necessitate a more thorough and accurate evaluation of the world situation and the placement of the international pattern. The more tumultuous the circumstances, the more clear this necessity. (M.Raihan Ronodipuro)
M.Raihan Ronodipuro earned a Master of Law in International Relations from the School of International and Public Affairs at Jilin University in China. He serves as an Associate Researcher in the Department of Politics and Security at the Center for Indonesia-China Studies (CICS)