VP exhorts on R&D for Indonesia’s energy industry

Vice President Ma’ruf Amin. (Photo: Rayi Gigih/IO)

IO – The use of new renewable energies is a priority program required to help the State reduce its dependence on fossil-based energy. Vice President Ma’ruf Amin reminds us that Indonesia is still strongly dependent on fossil-based energy, which is mostly imported. “For example, the primary cooking fuel for most households in Indonesia is LPG. More than 70% of this fuel is imported. We need to wean ourselves off this dependency by gradually changing its use to locally available, renewable new energy sources. According to the National Energy Board (Dewan Energi Nasional – “DEN”), the primary national energy mix in 2019 is 37.15% coal, 33.58% petroleum, 20.13% natural gas, and only 9.15% new renewable energies,” he said in his online address on the Fifth Anniversary and First Lustrum of Pertamina University 2021 on Monday (01/02/2021).

Ma’ruf  went  on  to  say  that the Government sets the target for the level of renewable energy use in the mix to 23% by 2025, increasing  to  31%  by  2050. “Right  now,  this  target  is  still very  hard  to  achieve  because again, our use of new renewable energy is only 9.15%. Indonesia needs  to  learn  from  countries that have successfully utilized new  renewable  energies.  For example, Germany. Its level of renewable energy source in its primary energy use is 85% of its national energy.

German’s  renewable  energy sources come from the sun, the wind,  biomass  waste,  and  hydroelectricity. This is because its Government provides research, innovation, and investments to support its declaration that all of Germany’s energy should come from green and clean sources by 2050,” he said. Indonesia actually has great renewable energy potential, especially from the sun, the wind, and hydroelectricity. Our location along the equator means that we have a great potential of sun, wind, and sea energies for use in both industry and household –  but  we  just  don’t  manage  it optimally. Therefore, other than investments, we need to step up our research and innovation for Indonesia’s energy industry. This energy mix target for renewable energy  use  by  2025  cannot  be achieved if we don’t improve our own research and innovation,” the VP said. (eka)