Laying chickens – how they do it

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Farm worker collects eggs from hatcheries. (photo: IO/Yoga)

IO – The sound of a rooster crowing in a 5×50 meter cage: inside that cage, chickens are pecking at food distributed by the man in charge.

These chickens deserve full care and attention, starting from their food and the cleanliness of the cage to maintain healthy conditions, so the layers will yield high-quality eggs which will then be distributed to consumers.

The overseer, named Havid, has been entrusted to supervise and manage the chicken farm in Kampung Prumpung Gunung Sindur, Bogor Regency. As the person in charge, he hired 3 other workers to run the farm, with two thousand chickens in one cage.

Each person has their own task, from feeding, cleaning out cages, plucking feathers, preparing food, and cleaning up chicken feces from beneath the cages. The cages are 2 meters and are set over a small pond which collects chicken dung.

“Ayam Kampung” is what they call the native Indonesian chicken, a variety that has been bred for ages. These chickens undoubtedly have the potential to contribute to the dietary fulfillment of families and culinary needs as meat and eggs producers. Most chickens are seen to have a dual function, as producers of both meat and eggs, depending on the breeder’s own objectives.

Ayam kampung breeding depends on a suitable, as do other animals. When livestock are crowded together in large numbers, there will be disruption to the surrounding environment. Disturbances include roosters crowing, chicken waste, feeding activities and also necessary transport for farm produce. Livestock must also meet the criteria of a comfortable environment in order to avoid stress and diseases, which can be easily contracted in such conditions.

In this “inframe” edition, the photographer portrays the production routine of chicken farms and how chickens lay eggs every day …

Every 5 o’clock in the afternoon, rooster sperm is extracted, collected in bottles and subsequently injected into female chickens. Both Roosters and chickens must be fed regularly, at 7am and 1pm.

As a result, hens will ideally produce plenty of eggs at night, around 9 am and also at 3 pm. From one point of view, the chicken farming business has many advantages. These chickens can spawn up to 5 times a day, overnight. During the day, chicken only lay 2 eggs. But at night there can be up to three more.

Ayam kampung are able to lay eggs from an age of 16 to 48 weeks, and 1 laying chicken can produce up to 250 eggs a year. One crate of chicken eggs weighs 13-15 kg and are sold for Rp 370 to 400 thousand each. (Yoga Agusta)