Indonesia can also use political pressure to persuade the European Union to drop the Indonesian government’s WTO case challenging the restriction on nickel exports, or to boost Indonesia’s negotiating position in other trade agreements between the European Union and Indonesia.
Until now, the G20 plan is still gray regarding its implementation, especially after the news of the absence of many countries, especially America because of Putin’s planned presence in Indonesia’s G20. This will clearly be detrimental to Indonesia as the host country, especially if it is canceled, Indonesia will lose many opportunities and opportunities to carry out diplomacy in many things that will benefit Indonesia. This is because the main core of the establishment of the G20 is the achievement of economic and welfare agreements between countries, not focusing on the issue of war and its resolution.
To summarize, Indonesian foreign policy is anchored in historical perspectives and conditions at the time of Indonesian independence, as well as the state of the international system at the time. Three different theories may be used to study Indonesian foreign policy, but the underlying theory that has been most closely associated with Indonesian foreign policy since its independence is constructivism. However, more literature reviews are needed to have a better grasp of how to assess Indonesian foreign policy, particularly in terms of theories and practices.
Therefore, in the upcoming G20 moment, the demands on Indonesia are actually greater, playing free and active politics is not enough. At least even if it does not allow the participation of Russia, Ukraine and America, Indonesia must be able to ensure the participation of other countries. If this can be done, then other solutions related to the economy will be easy to discuss. As for the peace efforts between Russia-Ukraine for now, it can only be done if all countries agree to let Russia-Ukraine go to war regardless of economic sanctions and do not help either party in a simple explanation of withdrawing all the interests of their respective countries and turning a blind eye to both sides. related to any matter, also do not see it and report on any media and anywhere. This may seem silly and difficult to do, but the logic is simple.
In short, Indonesia’s policy of prioritizing diplomacy in pursuit of peace is acceptable. The government must, nevertheless, continue to prepare for the potential consequences of the Russia-Ukraine crisis. On either hand, Indonesia must be vigilant to any economic possibilities that may emerge as a result of the dispute between the two nations. (M. Raihan Ronodipuro & Syarifah Huswatun Miswar)