Jakarta, IO – The WHO estimates that by 2030, at least 1 out 6 of the world population will be an elder. The number of people 60 years of age or older will rise from 1.4 billion in 2020 to 2.1 billion by 2050. Indonesia’s population has been ageing since 2021, when 1 out of 10 citizens would have been classified as an elder.
The “aging population” phenomenon might become a second “demographic bonus”, in the case that the older population numbers increase, but they maintain their productivity and are able to contribute to the national economy. On the other hand, the elderly may constitute a challenge to development when they stop being productive and become part of a helpless, vulnerable population.
According to the 2022 National Socio-Economic Survey (Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional–Susenas), 10.48% of the population are elderly, with an elderly dependency ratio of 16.09. This means that each elder is supported by an average of 6 productive-age (15–59-year-old) persons.
There are more female elders than males (51.81% and 48.19% respectively), with more elders living in the city than in the country (56.05% and 43.95%, respectively). About 65.56% of the elderly population are “young elders” (60-69 years old), 26.76% are “normal elders” (70-79 years old), while 7.69% would be called “old elders” (80 years and up).
In 2022, the following provinces have aging populations: West Sumatra, Lampung, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Bali, North Sulawesi, and Sulawesi Selatan, with Yogyakarta having the highest population of elders in our country (16.69%), while Papua has the lowest (5.02%).