IO – TNI Chief of General Staff (Kasum) Lt. Gen. Muhammad Herindra has observed that the military is increasingly aware of the importance of interoperability among the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) in carrying out its missions. He conveyed the message from TNI Commander Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto during the launch and book discussion of “75 Years of TNI: Evolution of Defense Economy, Operations and Indonesian Military Organization” held at the CSIS Auditorium, Pakarti Center Building, Central Jakarta, on Monday (02/11/2020).
Further, Hadi Tjahjanto explained that as the three forces are facing increasingly complex, multidimensional potential threats, the speed and accuracy of their response need to be prioritized. He pointed to the formation of a Joint Regional Defense Command (Kogabwilhan) as a concrete example of the manifestation of integrated strength within the military. This integration is carried out by unifying the command and control units.
“This also shows the ongoing dynamics within the TNI organization as a form of adaptation to various rapid changes,” Herindra said.
According to him, the TNI has made a wide range of adaptations in response to factors which include the dynamics of a global, regional, and national strategic environment. This, in addition to the forms of threats it faces and the dynamics of civilian-military relations in each regime.
“These three factors have had a major influence during the 75 years of TNI serving the nation and the state,” he explained.
Furthermore, Hadi Tjahjanto said that the history of the TNI is inseparable from the journey of the Indonesian nation itself. For 75 years, from 1945 to 2020, the TNI has been involved in defending independence against military aggression, putting down rebellions in several regions, counterterrorism operations, to disaster mitigation and recovery, as well as other Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) missions.
The book provides a fresh perspective on the changes that have taken place within the TNI organization, the operations it carried out and the evolution of the defense economy from 1945 to 2020. Unlike other historical books, this book doesn’t only contain a series of events involving the TNI since the 1945 national revolution, but also credible analysis and strong arguments on the evolution of the defense economy, TNI operations and organizations. This book also complements the study of military transformation and innovation dominated by military concepts and theories in developed countries.
“I am of the view that the ideas and thoughts presented in this book can provide valuable perspectives, not only for military observers and defense policy researchers in Indonesia but also defense practitioners and TNI personnel in broadening their horizons and formulate a vision for progress,” he said in an optimistic tone. (dan)