Friday, May 31, 2024 | 06:21 WIB

Three Indonesian Historical Documents recognized by UNESCO

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Jakarta, IO – The United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO) has designated three historical documents from Indonesia as the documentary heritage by the Memory of the World Committee for Asia and the Pacific (MOWCAP).

The decision was based on the 10th MOWCAP General Meeting which took place in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia on 6-10 May. The three documentary legacies are the archives of the Indonesian Sugar Plantation Research Center 1887-1986 proposed by the East Java provincial government and the Indonesian Sugar Plantation Research Center (P3GI) and the Indarung I Semen Padang archive as the first cement factory in Southeast Asia proposed by PT Semen Padang, per CNN Indonesia, Mon (13/5).

The third one is the Tambo Tuanku Imam Bonjol manuscript archive proposed by the National Library of the Republic of Indonesia (Perpusnas) and the West Sumatra provincial government.

“The format of the PT Semen Padang archives is paper, photos and maps. Meanwhile, the archives of the Indonesian Sugar Plantation Research Center are in the form of paper and photos, while the Tambo Tuanku Imam Bonjol manuscript is in the form of a book written on paper in 1841 by his son,” said Imam Gunarto, the interim director of the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia (ANRI).

Imam explained that with the designation the Indonesian civilization will be recognized globally as part of the world’s memories and can be used for international diplomacy.

According to Imam, the Archives of the Indonesian Sugar Plantation Research Center specializes in research on pests on sugar cane plants in the world at that time. The results of this research succeeded in reviving the economies of various sugar producing countries which had previously gone bankrupt due to pests, and were able to revive at the end of the 19th century until the beginning of Indonesian independence.

In addition, PT Semen Padang was established and operationalized as the first cement factory in Southeast Asia in 1920, thus playing a role in infrastructure development.

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“The cement produced was not only used by the Dutch East Indies at that time, but was also exported to other countries in the Asia Pacific region. Because of its role in that region, the Semen Padang archives have historical significance in the development of infrastructure and the economy during the Dutch East Indies era,” he said.

Meanwhile, the Tambo Tuanku Imam Bonjol manuscript tells the story of the Padri War of 1803-1837. It contains anti-war and reconciliation messages as well as other words of wisdom authored by Tuanku Imam Bonjol’s son.

“Indonesia submitted three nominations and all three were successfully approved to be included in the Memory of the World list,” he concluded. (bp)

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