IO – Every ethnic group in Indonesia has its own culture and idiosyncrasies such as language, tradition, ethnic dress, custom, and many more. Having hundreds of ethnic groups makes Indonesia stands out among the nations of the world, as it is not only rich in the number of ethnic groups but also rich in its cultural diversity.
One of Indonesia’s rich cultural regions is Aceh. Known by its riches from coffee produce, Aceh has also a unique heritage such as jewelry.
Aceh has several traditional types of jewelry to be worn on certain occasions. Each type of jewelry has its uniqueness. Here are several traditional types of jewelry in Aceh.
Acehnese earrings are traditional Acehnese accessories, having the form of a sunflower with pointed petals. Made of gold and silver, these earrings have a diameter of six centimeters. These Acehnese earrings are called the earrings of bungong mata uro (sunflower).
Patam Dhoe is jewelry in the form of a crown that has three parts combined in one hinge, in the middle part of which there is calligraphy of the word “Allah” with the word “Muhammad” in the center of it. Such motifs are usually called bungong kalimah. These crowns are made of gold or gold-plated silver. This jewelry is to be worn on the foreheads of Acehnese women.
Simplah is a type of jewelry to be worn on women’s breasts; it consists of 24 hexagonal slabs and two octagonal slabs to be connected with two simplah chains with a length and width of 51 centimeters each. These slabs have flower and leaf carvings with red gems in the middle.
Culok Ok (Hairpin) is jewelry for hair buns. It is inserted into the hair or the side of a bun. There are four types of Culok Ok, i.e. bintang pecah, bungong keupula, bungong sunteng, and ulat sangkadu.
Peuniti is jewelry to pin women’s dresses. Made of gold, Peuniti has three decorative motifs taken from Pinto Aceh, in the form of Acehnese house doors. Those motifs take the forms of boh eungkot (small circles like fish eggs), fern shoots, and flowers.
Ayeum Gumbak is jewelry not only worn by women but also by men during special occasions such as a wedding, a reception of dignitaries, and other traditional events. This Ayeum Gumbak is one type of jewelry worn by men.
Ayeum Gumbak is placed on the right side of tengkulok kupiah meukotob (Acehnese male headgear). This jewelry is made of gold or gold-plated silver and gems. (Mahra)