IO – In a public webinar entitled “Challenges, Radicalism and Consolidation of Democracy” held by Perindo Party on Tuesday (11/23/2021), the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP) Secretary-General Hasto Kristiyanto said the issue of intolerance could not be separated from the situation in society that makes people get influenced easily by radical ideology. Thus, he urged that the notion of radicalism be eradicated as early as possible, and an inclusive nationalism and patriotism on Pancasila (the five principles of Indonesia) promoted.
Hasto said several factors contribute to the growth of radicalism in society, such as poverty, injustice, wrong leadership and international radical groups’ influence tending towards intolerance in Indonesia. “Poverty becomes a fertile ground for total indoctrination process,” he explained.
Hasto noted that the reality of social life in today’s society depicts various indoctrination practices that promote intolerance, which results in vigorous growth of radicalism and terrorism. The process includes infiltration of the lower economic class and targeting higher education institutions.
“From various studies that have been conducted, there is an infiltration process to influence the mindset of students and involve them in radical acts,” Hasto said.
Thus, Hasto stressed that the state must not yield to the bombardment of radicalism and terrorism, because its objective is to protect the Indonesian people and its homeland. This means that there should be no justification for intolerance or a radical movement in the name of justice, poverty, or any concepts that obstruct humanity. “By building Pancasila democracy, the state’s apparatus must carefully look at problems that have been troubling (the people) and take preventive action,” said Hasto.
Meanwhile, political observer Said Salahudin commented that the plurality in characteristics had created uniqueness in society, ultimately leading to exclusivity.
“The nature of exclusivity is influenced by many factors, for example, region, skin color, religion, class, political tendencies, even educational
level, income level and social class,” Said explained in the webinar.
He stated that such characteristics often affect the feelings of certain groups. So, if the level of pluralism is high in society, the factors that determine the group feelings can lead to segmentation and fragmentation in social life.
“Therefore, I think the Government should pay attention to such issues so that it can create an assimilation policy that must be done deliberately.”
Said added that the assimilation should be reflected in housing, offices, employment, educational institutions, and community alliances. “Some experts even said that an assimilation policy should be developed in the form of intercultural initiation. So, it becomes an intercultural marriage policy,” he said.
In the past, one kingdom usually proposed to marry its prince with a princess from another kingdom to avoid friction. Said opined that cross-cultural tradition needs to be developed to form an inclusive association.
An exclusive association can be transformed into an inclusive association, Said explained. If traditions are built through assimilation policies, it is hoped that an inclusive and open culture will grow in society.
If radicalism, promoting extreme thought starts to emerge, Said believes that it will only attract a handful of people. It cannot be considered representative of society’s mainstream. “We are still a pluralistic nation, united in a state called the Republic of Indonesia with its motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. Now, this is what some people tend to forget,” he said.
Therefore, Said believes that deliberate efforts need to be exerted to maintain social integration. “It means that in turn, we need to create a national harmony or national integration. So, from social integration, national integration can be formed. The inclusive association should be promoted,” he said. (Des)