Russia-Ukraine War: Why Nuclear in
Japan needs to be Considered

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TEPCO
(Source: TEPCO)

Jakarta, IO – The current conflict between Russia and Ukraine serves as an example and a warning to governments, particularly Asia. One that is currently being considered is “nuclear weapons.” This is a calamity for Japan. In a scenario where it is extremely vulnerable to war with neighboring countries, Japan has also experienced the negative repercussions of nuclear weapons and nuclear energy. With the government’s dedication to the anti-nuclear weapons law and profound public grief in the history of Hiroshima-Nagasaki, the Russo-Ukrainian conflict is now a tough road for Japan to contemplate whether to have and develop nuclear weapons as a defense weapon or not. 

War and the Development of Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear is an environmentally friendly energy that has a very large capacity and power, with a decay time that takes thousands of years. This nuclear energy can be used as a weapon that can become mass destruction. War using nuclear (atomic) is a military campaign that uses nuclear weapons. Nuclear war can result in severe destruction in a very short time. In historical records, nuclear was only used once in 1945 during World War 2. At that time, America dropped the “little boy and Mahattan” on Hiroshima and Nagasaki which resulted in 200,000 people being killed, this tragedy marked the end of the second world war. Nuclear war does not result in the direct destruction of cities and loss of life, but nuclear war also has the potential to cause firestorms, widespread exposure to nuclear radiation, and the loss of most modern technology due to electromagnetic waves. However, after World War 2 ended, nuclear weapons were developed by the Soviet Union (1949), Britain (1952), France (1960), and China (1964). 

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On October 6, 1973, Israel declared war on a coalition of Arab countries led by Egypt and Syria, ushering in the 1970s. In response to the conflict, Israel constructed 13 nuclear bombs in a tunnel in the Negev desert. Then, in May 1974, India conducted its first nuclear weapon test at Pokhran, followed by Pakistan in 1998. Not only Asia, but also South Africa, produced nuclear weapons between 1970 and 1980. With the global development and study of nuclear weapons, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was signed on July 1, 1968, with the goal of limiting nuclear weapon ownership. This agreement is divided into three parts: non-proliferation, disarmament, and the right to utilize nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.