Even now, the causes of prostate problems, whether benign or malignant, is not certainly known. “We only know that it is a multifactorial issue, one that includes age, race, family genetics, and obesity. As with all malignant neoplasms, early detection is key in prostate cancer treatment. As a general reminder, the earlier your disease is caught, the higher the possibility of successful treatment,” dr. Sigit advised.
Robotic Arms are More Stable and Accurate
At the same event, dr. Agus Rizal Ardy Hariandy Hamid, Sp.U(K), FICRS, Ph.D., reported that robotic biopsy is optimal when you want to take samples of suspicious tissues in the prostate gland, with less trauma to the tissues. Its primary advantage is its ability to place the biopsy needle in the exact spot suspected as a cancerous lesion in the target tissue. Furthermore, the accurate and precise movement of its scanner allows for extremely clear, equal distribution of 2D imaging slices into 3D image renderings.
Early-stage prostate cancer generally shows no symptoms. Suspicions are raised when a patient’s complaints include bone pains, pathological fractures, or a sense of pressure in the marrows. Confirmation of a prostate cancer diagnosis is only possible using prostate biopsies. Possible indications that warrant a biopsy include abnormalities found during anal and prostate MRI checks, i.e. a PSA value of > 4 ng/dl. The diagnosis is confirmed by performing anatomical pathology checks (with a microscope, USG, CT scan, MRI, or bone scan), then by determining whether the abnormality has spread elsewhere.
Robotic arms have the same function as human hands and arms: to grip, hold, perform adductions and abductions, as well as flexes and extensions. They are most useful in radical prostatectomy, because the unit has an extremely accurate and stable arm.