IO – President Joko Widodo distributed a million land certificates to citizens in 201 regencies and municipalities in 31 provinces, to commemorate Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning Month. “One million. One million certificates is a very huge number. Before the Complete Systematic Land Registration (Pendaftaran Tanah Sistematis Lengkap – “PTSL”) program was implemented, we only issued about 500,000 certificates throughout Indonesia every year before 2017,” Jokowi said during his virtual distribution of 1 million land certificates on Monday (09/11/2020).
The leap in the number of certificate Jokowi distributes is not groundless. If the Government only issues500,000 certificates a year to cover all of the citizen’s plots throughout the country, it will take 160 years to get every plot certified. There are 126 million plots of land that must be certified throughout Indonesia, and only 46 million of them are certified in 2015 certificates, leaving a gap of 80 million uncertified. Therefore, the President requests that the Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/Head of the National Land Agency to work according to target.
“If the target is not achieved, please beware. Heads of Regency and Municipal Land Offices, beware. Provincial Regional Land Offices, beware; Mr. Minister, beware too. (I am not making threats,) I am only saying ‘beware’ here. We work with targets Alhamdulillah, praised be Allah, with the hard work of all National Land Offices at regency, municipal, provincial, and central level, by 2017 we have issued 5.4 million land certificates, (increasing) from the 500,000 in 2015,” Jokowi said.
A significant increase of 1.1 million certificates occurred in 2016, followed by a 10-fold increase of the 2015 number in 2017 at 5.4 million certificates. 9.3 million land certificates were issued in 2018 followed by another 11.2 million certificates in 2019. “This year, I actually set the target at 10 million certificates issued. However, I am aware that we are in the middle of a pandemic; we have obstacles both in the field and in the office. Okay, I reduce the target from 10 million certificates to 7 million, and I believe, Insha Allah, with Allah’s permission, we can achieve this too,” he said.
President Jokowi went on to confirm that he has directly distributed a total of 2.4 million certificates within five years. “No matter what, when I make my rounds around the regions, I distribute land certificates – whether 5,000, 7,000, 10,000, or even 12,000 of them. The rest are directly distributed by the Minister, the Heads of Regional Land Offices, and Heads of Regency and Municipal Land Offices,” he said.
President Jokowi stated that the total number of acknowledged land plots throughout Indonesia is about 18.9 million plots, with 5.3 million hectares of it certified. Therefore, the Government plans to certify all of these plots in Indonesia by 2025. “Insha Allah we will get them certified. There will be no more citizenswho have land without certificates – we must finish this all by 2025. This will include land certificates for places of worship too – everyone must get it – whether the land will be meant for a mosque, church, or temple, all of them must be certified by then,” he said.
Jokowi’s purpose in getting these certificates distributed is as a response to the complaints of the people who have uncertified lands. This is the reason why fierce land disputes frequently occur throughout the country, why he then requests that the Minister of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/Head of the National Land Agency accelerate the processing of land certificates in all regions.
As a person who suffered trouble and a waste of years when administering for land certificate himself, Jokowi reminds that land certificates are legal evidence that ensure legal certainty of any citizen’s land ownership. “This is very important in order to prevent land disputes and conflicts, whether between individuals, between an individual and a corporation, or between an individual and the Government. Land certificates are also important for its function as evidence of legal certainty, I would like to remind everyone to keep your land certificates properly, make sure that they do not get damaged or lost,” he said.
Jokowi said that land certificate can also serve as collateral to banks or other financial institutions for citizens who require capital for new business or an expansion of their existing ones. “However, please remember that once you get a loan from the bank, you must use it for business or investment purposes. It is a loan that you must return someday. Do not use it to buy cars, motorcycles, or expensive cellphones for each of your children. This is consumptive usage and will only be to your detriment in the future,” he said. (dan)