Prabowo Subianto’s national address “INDONESIA WINS”

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Independent Observer

IO, Jakarta – Monday, 14 January 2019. When Independent Observer arrived at the Jakarta Convention Center, there was a dominance of pale blue and white as far as the eye could see. These two colors are strongly associated with Presiden­tial Candidate Pair Number 02, Pra­bowo Subianto-Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno. The queue snaked around the entrances to the Plenary Hall, proof that supporters were enthusiastic to hear Prabowo Subianto’s National Address. The other dominant color combination at JCC that day was red and white – the identity colors of our nation. No party flags were visi­ble at sight. This is a clear message that when elected, Prabowo-Sandi would work for the interest of the Indonesian people, and not for the interest of their supporting parties. Prabowo-Sandi’s commitment for the people is no newly-created stance. Ever since their days in the military and business, the pair has always thought and acted in the interest of the many.

Thousands of people witnessed Prabowo’s Address, which he present­ed with Sandi standing by his side. He started the address by reading out a poem his uncle, First Lieutenant A. Soebianto Djojohadikusumo, wrote. First Lieutenant Soebianto was an of­ficer of the Indonesian Republic Army (Tentara Republik Indonesia – “TRI”) who fell in the Lengkong battle, Ser­pong, on 25 January 1946.

We are not alone.

Thousands of people depend on us.

Citizens whom we never know,

People whom we might never know.

But what we do now, will deter­mine what will happen to them.

Prabowo said that this election is not Prabowo’s election, not Sandiaga Uno’s election, but the election of the Indonesian people. Therefore, the vic­tory that we will achieve on 17 April 2019 would not be Prabowo’s victory. Nor will it be Sandiaga Uno’s victory. It will be the victory of Indonesia.

Prabowo went on to express his anger, what caused him to remain in the political arena, and offer himself to lead the United Republic of Indo­nesia:

“Recently, I had a report that a farmworker, a father called Pak Har­di who lived in in Tawangharjo Vil­lage, Grobogan, died hanging himself from a teak tree that grew behind his home. He hung himself, leaving his wife and children behind, because he was too deep into debt and could not repay his loan, because he was overwhelmed by the economic bur­den that he had to carry was just too much for him. Within the past few years, I have gotten reports of many tragic tales like that of the late Har­di. For example, a schoolteacher in Pekalongan hung himself, and on 4 January, a Mrs. Sudarsi of Wa­tusigar Village, Gunung Kidul, also hung herself.

I have recently come back from Klaten. The rice farmers were sad there, because during harvest time two months ago, foreign rice flooded in. I have also visited East Java recently. Many sugar farmers complained also because there was also a flood of sugar imports during harvest time. On the other hand, many housewives complained that sugar prices in Indonesia were 2-3 times higher than that of the aver­age world price. This is ironic, be­cause the Archipelago once exported sugar in huge quantities. Is this the country dreamed of and fought for by our founding fathers? By Bung Karno and Bung Hatta, by Bung Syahrir, by General Sudirman, by K. H. Hasyim Ashari and K. H. Wahid Hasyim? By K. H. Agus Salim, by Bung Tomo?

This country with many hospitals has to reject the Social Security Ad­ministrator for Health care (Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial – “BPJS”) because BPJS has not been paying the hospital’s expenses for months, meaning that these hospi­tals are operating at a loss, and have to reduce the quality and quantity of their services. 1 out of 3 toddlers in this country fail to grow, because they do not have enough protein, because their mothers also lack protein and other nutrients during pregnancy. This country continues to increase its borrowings to pay existing debts, and to pay routine Government expenditures such as civil servants’ wages. This country allows the financial condition of our primary State-owned Enterprises to fall into dire straits. Garuda, Indo­nesia’s flagship airline, a company that was born during our struggle for independence, sustains great losses. Pertamina, the petroleum company that acts as the primary support for the development of the Republic of Indonesia, is now in financial trouble. Such is also the case with PLN, the State electric company, and Krakatau Steel. Even if any State-owned Enterprise gains profits, there is only a little margin to be made.

This condition is what I call the “Indonesian Paradox”. It is a rich country, but most of the people are still poor. If we are not careful, if we are not wary, if we do not change and act immediately, the situation will worsen.

Is a country with a national petro­leum reserve of only 20 days, with a rice reserve of less than 3 million tons, able to withstand an at­tack or security crisis? Even the current Minister of Defense stated that if Indonesia goes to war, it would only last 3 days, be­cause that’s the amount of firepower that we have – just enough to with­stand 3 days of battle. It is not some­thing we say, but it is something that the Government itself admits. We must remember that competition between nations is harsh. The history of human civilization for thousands of years has been a harsh story. We must never be dependent on other nations. We must never hope that other nations will be kind to us, will be merciful towards us.

If we obtain the mandate to lead Indonesia for the upcoming 5-year period, what we must do is to reori­ent development and management of the Republic of Indonesia, with a vision and mission that “Indonesia Wins”. Indonesia must win. We must not be a losing country, a country that begs and is trapped in debt. We must not be the kind of nation that does not defend its own people. In order to realize “Indonesia Wins”, we must execute a special strategy that I call the “Big Push Strategy”. We can realize this strategy through:

Food independence; Energy indepen­dence, in this case fuel independence; Clean water inde­pendence; and Strong Govern­ment institutions.

In order to achieve all these goals, we have set five main focuses for our national work program. The first focus is to realize an economy that prioritiz­es the people – a fair econ­omy that brings prosperity to all Indonesians, and that preserves Indonesia’s en­vironment. In this case, we will create job opportunities for our people. We are going to raise the people’s purchasing power. If people have enough money, all of our economic gears will turn properly. Our factories will run. Our produc­tion will rise. Our people’s needs will be fulfilled.

We once produced sophisticated airplanes, high-technology products. I ask you now, can we or can we not continue what we did before? I be­lieve the answer is “yes”. We must produce our own national cars, he­licopters, trading ships, transpor­tation ships, warships.

We must create these technologies by ourselves, because we as a nation are the fourth-largest in the world. Indus­trialization is a must for our country. We must build Indonesia’s industry to match that of India, of South Ko­rea, countries that have world-class industrial companies – unlike what we have now. Economic experts say that Indonesia is currently undergo­ing deindustrialization. Therefore, we will also ensure that our crucial State-owned Enterprises, such as Krakatau Steel, Pertamina, and Garuda become strong again, and not sustain contin­uous losses.

It is not that we are not open to other nations, it is just that we can no longer remain at the bottom of the pyramid! We want our children to become pilots, sea captains, entre­preneurs, not just domestic servants in other nations! We are going to stop the leakage of our money abroad by implementing correct and fair policies for all Indonesian citizens. We are go­ing to empower Small and Medium Businesses and provide incentives for them. We are going to provide subsi­dies and social aid programs for the lowest among our people who need them, to ensure that all Indonesia citizens are able to satisfy their basic needs.

We are going to construct effective infrastructure, beneficial for all groups of people without causing the prices of our projects to balloon uncontrol­lably. We are going to ensure that Government debt will not continue to swell, let alone endanger the Coun­try’s financial position. We are going to transform the millions of hectares of damaged forest into productive for­est for food production, energy, and clean water, and open job opportu­nities for our people. We are going to establish a Farmer and Fisherman Bank to help farmers and fishermen get access to capital and technology. For all soldiers, police officers, and of­ficials in remote areas: we are going to raise their income. We will provide for the needs of judges, prosecutors, and other law enforcement officers, raising the pay rate because they are vital for the running of the Government of the Republic Indonesia.

The second focus is the improve­ment of the quality of life and social welfare. In this case, we are going to fight poverty, improve health services, and advance the quality of education. We need to respect and care for the quality of life of health and education of workers. We must improve their wag­es. We must accommodate the needs of teachers, especially contract teachers. We must improve the quality of their lives. With effective programs such as athletic scholarships, santri (Islamic religious study) scholarships and free transportation for students, the elderly, and the disabled, we are going to make sure that the gap between the rich and the poor does not widen.

We are going to improve the gover­nance of BPJS and other social net­works in order to avoid deficits and improve the quality of health services. We are going to fight to ensure that all Indonesian citizens have health secu­rity and other social security. We are also going to strengthen the Planned Family program, in order to prevent Indonesia from suffering a popula­tion boom that keeps us marching in place. We are going to fight for the pro­vision of free milk and free lunches in all schools that require them. We hope that this will reduce stunting (abnor­mal growth due to bad nutrition). For the disabled, we are going to construct disability-friendly infrastructure and ensure the availability of proper and respectable job opportunities for dis­abled people.

We are going to improve the qual­ity of schools, from universities to pondok pesantren (Islamic boarding schools) and madrasah (ordinary Is­lamic schools). Other than strength­ening the institutions, we are going to improve the welfare of teachers and educators, including that of contract teachers in ordinary schools, pesant­ren, and madrasah. We are also going to establish a Hajj Savings Institution to manage our hajj and umrah appli­cants, reducing the load of our ummat who want to perform hajj and um­rah. We want to negotiate with Sau­di Arabia so that they will construct buildings belonging to Indonesia in the holy cities, in order to reduce the costs required for performing the hajj pilgrimage.

Our third focus is to ensure legal justice and to run a high-quality de­mocracy. In order to ensure democ­racy, we are going to guarantee the independence of creating unions and expressing opinions, and the free­dom of the press. We are going to stop the threat of persecution against press individuals, organizations, and agencies that are of opinion opposed to the Government. We are going to ensure that our ulema are respected and free from threats of criminaliza­tion. This is extremely important, as the role of the ulema in our people’s struggle for independence was a sig­nificant one.

It is true that the Republic Indo­nesia Proclamation of Independence was read out in Jakarta. Yet I tell you here that our spirit of independence was strongest in East Java. The peak of our struggle to obtain our indepen­dence was the rejection by the people of East Java of foreign ultimatums, supported by the resolution of jihad by the ulema. Therefore, Indonesians must never disrespect our kiais (el­der Islamic scholars), our ulema, and the other religious figures who lead us. We are also going to ensure that no organization that adheres to Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution gets stigmatized or judged without due process in court. We are going to ensure that the law in this country is not discriminatory and fickle. Justice must apply to all, even to those who are strong and have money.

In order to eradicate corruption, we are going to strengthen the Cor­ruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi – “KPK”), the police, the public pros­ecutor’s office, and the courts. We are going to ensure that there will be no intervention or politicizing of law enforcement and corruption eradi­cation in our homeland. We are also going to improve accountability and transparency in the State’s financial management, all the way from the center to the regions.

Our fourth focus is to transform Indonesia into a safe and comfort­able home for all Indonesian citizens.

National security and the sover­eignty of the United Republic of In­donesia (Negara Kesatuan Republic Indonesia – “NKRI”) is the perqui­site for development, progress, and prosperity. Therefore, we are going to ensure that the Indonesian National Army (Tentara Nasional Indonesia – “TNI”) becomes a strong, world-class defense unit. We are also going to improve the ability of the police force in order to enable them to anticipate and resolve new-type crimes such as cyber-crime, human trafficking, international drug trafficking, mon­ey laundering, etc. Furthermore, we are also going to improve the State’s capacity in cases of natural disaster to anticipate, detect, mitigate, reha­bilitate, and rebuild.

Ladies and gentlemen,
Our fifth focus is the strength­ening of the nation’s characteristics and personality. We believe that the most fundamental quality Indone­sians must have is a strong charac­ter and mentality. We are going to in­still and practice the best Indonesian attitudes and philosophies that we have inherited from our ancestors:

The attitude of a warrior who nev­er surrenders and never gives up;

The attitude of sabdo pandito ratu (tan keno wola-wali). This is literally translated as “The words of a priest or a royal does not slither back and forth”, meaning that a true leader goes by his or her words and do not act fickle;

The attitude of rame ing gaweh, sepi ing pamrih (active in working, free from ulterior motives) prioritizing the greater good;

The attitude of a leader who works hard in order for wong cilik iso gumuyu (“the little people” or com­moners to be able to laugh in happi­ness and peace);

The attitude of trusting in one’s own powers, in standing on one’s own two feet; and

The attitude of preferring death to enslavement.

We must realize security for all. Justice for all. Prosperity for all. We must not provide security for the rich only, justice only for those who can pay, nor prosperity for a small number of people (less than 1% of the total population of Indonesia). As what Bung Karno stated during the Investigating Committee for Prepara­tory Work for Independence (Badan Penyelidik Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia – “BPUPKI”) assembly on 1 June 1945, which I quote as follows:

“We want to establish a country for everyone. Not for one person, not for a single group, not for the royalty and nobility, not for the rich, but for everyone. This country, the Repub­lic of Indonesia, does not belong to a group, nor to a religious faith, nor an ethnic group, nor to a specific culture, but to all of us from Sabang to Mer­auke.”

We are currently in a race against time. Every year, our population in­creases by 3.5 million. That means that in 10 years, we must prepare additional housing, schools, and em­ployment for an additional 35 million citizens. If we do not do something meaningful, if we do not implement major transformations today, we might get trapped in a situation wor­risome for our people.

If we obtain a mandate from In­donesian voters on 17 April 2019, in order to be able to execute our pro­grams we are going to organize our ranks from the best sons and daugh­ters of Indonesia. We are not going to consider their political backgrounds. We are not going to consider their eth­nicity or religious faith. We are not go­ing to assess them based on their par­ty attributes. We are going to choose intelligent sons and daughters of In­donesia – those with integrity, hon­esty, and cleanliness who are able to run the State apparatus the best way they can. We are going to establish a cross-identity unit, the Bhinneka Tunggal Ika or unity in diversity unit. A smart unit able to execute develop­ment programs for the interest of the common people, able to realize the aspiration of ‘Indonesia Wins’.”

At the conclusion of his speech, Prabowo reminded all that there is no power in the world can last if its own people do not love it. Please be­lieve that we are on the right path. We defend justice, truth, and honesty. We are certain that Most Powerful God is with us, because God is always on the side of truth.

Prabowo Subianto’s National Ad­dress lasted 1.5 hours. Cheers and shouts of “Prabowo President” con­tinued to echo loudly throughout his speech.

Mastering Issues
State Administration Law expert Negara Margarito Kamis concludes that that Prabowo Subianto’s Na­tional Address shows that he under­stands the great issues of the nation. Prabowo has shown himself to be the person who can deliver the solution for great issues faced by this nation. “As I see it, Pak Prabowo wants to make sure that there is no citizen who becomes hungry, miserable, and desperate in this nation. Pak Prabowo also said that nobody who criticizes him is going to be punished by him if he comes into power; I think that it’s amazing. It is obvious from his speech that he is free from hatred, but shows inclusion instead. It is more than enough to say that Pak Prabowo is the solution for the nation’s problems,” he said proudly.

Margarito agrees with Prabowo’s assessment that the distribution of resources is concentrated in the hands of only a few people. “You see what the law is like in our current Government. It is impossible for us not to say that the law nowadays is not just vague – we must also ad­mit that the law moves according to the Government’s political direction. This is dangerous, because if there is this view that “no matter what our friends do, it is right and no matter what the opposition does, it must be wrong”, there is a very real danger that the law will become twisted,” he said.

Law cases that drag on with a sus­picion of interference include cases in the Ministry of Public Works and People’s Housing, Ministry of Youth and Sports, and Ministry of Trans­portation, among many others. The Government’s decisions are so ca­pricious that even the Vice President criticizes the high cost and inefficien­cy in building LRTs. “Even JK crit­icizes the decisions… Can we then say that the current Government is good? Government staff must prop­erly be included in decision-making, but JK in fact criticizes projects. How then can we say that the Government is reliable? With this fact, how can we say that the Government is good? Another sad example is the fate of our contract teachers. The Preamble of the 1945 Constitution states that the Government must make its peo­ple intelligent for the purpose of daily living, but our teachers have been ne­glected for years,” stated Margarito.

If we want our nation to be well-organized, many regulations must be upgraded. For example, the Constitution Court has rejected the Petroleum and Natural Gas Law and Coastal Area Law because these laws are used by crooked capitalists to monopolize and exploit our natural resources, as a tool for accumulating natural resources and shift them to the ownership of a small number of people. “If Pak Prabowo comes into power, we hope that he would change or reorient our economic laws and regulations to promote equal distri­bution, according to the mandate of Article 33 and Article 28 of the 1945 Constitution,” he said.

The legal steps Prabowo must take when he gets elected include quick identification and verification of law according to the urgency of existing problems when amending statutes. The role of KPK must be reset in or­der to allow it to properly pinpoint the roots of problems or the source of corruption. “I think the source of corruption is future payments for projects and bribery during devel­opment of projects. This is the root of our problems and this must stop. This is where KPK must hammer. Furthermore, we need administrative organization, including the empow­erment of administrative sanctions against deviant apparatus. It would be good if Pak Prabowo ensures that imprisonment is not the only weap­on used to push back corruption. We must acknowledge that administra­tive weapons hit corruption equally harshly. Such administrative weap­ons might include monitoring during planning. Before implementation, it is necessary to review all Govern­ment projects for their feasibility, and to ensure that there is no excessive markup.

The Dignity of the People
Meanwhile, Economic Observ­er Ichsanuddin Noorsy concludes that Prabowo must win, because he yearns to represent the will and as­pirations of the people, to lead this country where the people wish him to lead. In a context of statesman­ship, Prabowo wishes to express through his speech that this people must not remain oppressed and must show its dignity. Therefore, he speaks of food, energy, and natural resource sovereignty; a strong TNI; and fair law enforcement.

Prabowo’s speech reiterates the need to reorient development within a framework that declares indepen­dence as the right of all nations, and that colonization must be eliminated from the face of the Earth. There­fore, reorientation is an urgent ne­cessity because our country is low down in the international arena. “I think this should take the form of universal development of the people, which allows top-down and bot­tom-up interaction, based on a com­munity approach,” Noorsy said. “In order to become a “winning nation”, I conclude that we require the ‘4 F’s’: Food, Fuel, Finance and Frequency. Prabowo added to this mixture the armed forces and law enforcement. If we want to talk about food em­powerment, the basis for this is irri­gation and land conversion. Let us not change zoning from agricultural to commercial zoning.”

The keyword for the solution to resolution of the people’s problems is “ownership structure”. Ownership of production and distribution should be in the hands of the people, in order to ensure fairness and prosperity, as well as to maintain pride as a nation. This is necessary in order to cut in half deindustrialization that has tak­en place in Indonesia, a downward spiral trending in as early as 2010. This deindustrialization results in trade balance deficits. Another cause of this deficit is that Indonesian in­dustrialists feel that they lack proper protection, so that they prefer trad­ing then to production. For example, Maspion has had such a hard time maintaining domestic production. Several other manufacturers have given up and went on to trading im­ported goods.

Indonesia does not have solid re­lations between upstream industries, processing industries and final in­dustries. The systemic structure of our industry is in a poor condition. An example is the mining business. Unfortunately, while the Jokowi Gov­ernment promised to raise the condi­tions of our industries using a Trisak­ti (“Three Great Principles”) concept, it has failed entirely to deliver on this promise. Indonesia has not executed any industrial revolution to speak of. As proof, even our food is still import­ed. This means that our food indus­try is a mess, our energy industry is a mess, and that we need only to wait for the next indicators to appear: a negative trade balance and lack of growth in manufacturing.

Prabowo should have been clearer when he refers to the national auto­motive industry in his speech. What kind of national automotive industry is he talking about? The one based on fossil energy sources, or on electrici­ty? This must be clarified, because we are talking about energy sovereignty that remains unseen despite Indone­sia’s being rich in potential new and renewable energy sources. However, the electricity-based automotive in­dustry is closely related to IT, which is still heavily dependent on imports. A country that has already developed an automotive industry actually has a strategic economic defense. This was why Malaysian Prime Minister Maha­thir got upset when Proton was sold to China, and today seeks to revive the national automotive industry.

In terms of reviving the Family Planning program, Noorsy thinks that the approach Prabowo takes is not quantitative but qualitative. This means that educating the people on the importance of family planning is necessary. It must be noted that Prabowo has been thinking about our national educational strategy, which the West has degraded for years.

In terms of quality upholding of justice, law, and democracy, Article 27 Paragraph 1 of the 1945 Consti­tution states that “all citizens have equal stature before the law and the Government”. This means that the administrators of the State must up­hold principles of equality before the law, to ensure that no citizen should feel harassed when the law is being upheld. Yet in reality, law enforce­ment in Indonesia nowadays con­founds the people’s sense of justice. It disturbs ulema, activists, and labor­ers. The fact remains that nowadays, the higher a person’s position and the richer they are, the less the law is ap­plicable to him or her, and the more favorable verdicts they can “arrange”. “Therefore, it is not just a matter of equality before the law, but it is re­lated to an honest, clean, and neutral set of laws that mesh well with the in­nate sense of justice held dear by the people. Therefore, it is not just about improving laws and policies, but also improvement in the econo-political situation meeting the social system. We must analyze Prabowo’s speech in 5 dimensions, i.e. ideology, economy, politics, law, and social. This would highlight a culture of mutual trust, one which is sorely lacking in the Jo­kowi era,” Noorsy complained.

The Offer of Solutions
Hendrajit, Global Future Institute’s Executive Director, understands that Prabowo’s speech emphasizes how to resolve economic, political, and legal issues. Economic solutions empha­size independence in law and politics relating to law enforcement, from up­stream to downstream. Prabowo has a framework of primary issues, and offers solutions, such as energy in­dependence, food independence, and a focus on agriculture and fisheries. Another part that Prabowo empha­sizes is that we are not a “nation of losers” and not a “nation of debtors”. “Yet I think that he has focused insuf­ficiently on culture. “Culture” must be the foundation of all solutions relating to industry, agriculture, defense, sci­ence & technology. If Prabowo wants to inspire us with the revival of China, a poor, broken nation that successful­ly modernized its industry, science & technology, agriculture and defense, all that is founded on cultural strate­gies,” he said.

Prabowo offers to hold dialogs with those who disagree with him. Such di­alogs must address issues that attract tradition-based groups. “Indepen­dence” in terms of economic revival, must also involve cultural adjust­ment. Prabowo also mentioned the specter of deindustrialization in his speech. There must be an emphasis on how to adapt industries in order to align with characteristics of each re­spective region. Agricultural reform in the regions must involve the culture and characteristics of each, in order to strengthen the people’s motivation in executing reforms.

“I agree that national reorienta­tion should be addressed initially. In fact, I state that we must enjoy national reconstruction. However, I also think that if the agenda is to redesign national policy and develop­ment, national security must become a basis and framework for designing a concept for this redesign. If we talk about national defense, geopolitics must become the basis of national security. Bung Karno once admitted something like this in relation to the National Defense Agency (Lembaga Pertahanan Nasional – “Lemhanas”) in 1965. Therefore, I find it interest­ing that Pak Prabowo quoted a state­ment that appreciates Bung Karno yesterday. It was a wise step to in­clude elements that sympathize with Bung Karno’s nationalist ideas. This allows them to see Prabowo as an alternative, facing the crucial issues of the national polity today. National security becomes a framework that integrates ideology, politics, econo­my, law, sociocultural and security issues. These points are expressed in their entirety in Pak Prabowo’s message – whether from the root of the problem, the agenda to be exe­cuted or the solution, even if only in basic outlines,” Hendrajit stated.

Prabowo says that integration be­tween KPK, the public prosecutor’s office, and the police is necessary to uphold justice, enforce laws and champion democracy. “I see that oth­er than case discrimination, KPK’s development has been a biased one. Most of the ones getting arrested are minnow-level corruptors, while they leave the sharks alone to escape. It is unfortunately too frequently empha­sized that KPK and the police have different views of corruption eradica­tion,” Hendrajit said.

Prabowo discussed more than just corruption issues when he talk­ed about law and politics. Hopefully, that was in order to view corruption as the residue of a corrupt political system. Furthermore, it is true that we must reintegrate the components of law enforcement (KPK, public pros­ecutors’ office, and police). The basis is legal justice, meaning that we are not allowed to act discriminatively, such as by serving only those with money, connections and power.

The five primary focuses of the na­tional work program are formulated in the strategic issues that are going to become priority programs. They only require integration of these ele­ments, as well an explanation of how it is necessary for Indonesia to revive and become glorious once again. How­ever, the issue is “How do we do this without slavishly copying models used by developed nations such as Europe, America or Japan? How can Indonesia continue to execute programs whose priority is to modernize the nation and earn its independence, while remaining rooted in its own culture?”

Some of Prabowo’s rhetorical points are on target. For example, we appreciate American and Chinese cultures and we respect our cooper­ation with them, but we do not want to become their slaves. This is the basis of free and active political com­mitment: our foreign political policies do not lean East or West, while we stay friends with all foreign countries for our common welfare. This is the formulation in a free and active po­litical blueprint, one which will earn us independence and dignity, as well as the respect and appreciation of the world at large.

(Dessy Aipipidely, Ekawati)