IO, Jakarta – The Association for Elections and Democracy (Perkumpulan untuk Pemilihan Umum dan Demokrasi – “Perludem”) has analyzed all petitions concerning the results of the 2019 Legislative Elections at the Constitutional Court. The analysis discovered 608 cases of disputes concerning the results of the 2019 Legislative Elections. The most frequently-disputed type of election in the Constitution Court is related to the results of the Regency/Municipal Regional House of Representative (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah – “DPRD”) at 370 cases. The second most numerous type is dispute cases related to the results of the Provincial DPRD elections at 108 cases. There are 120 dispute petitions relating to the results of the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat – “DPR”) RI elections. Finally, there are 9 cases of disputed petitions relating to the election of Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah – “DPD”) members.
The analysis also includes the map of the parties who are the biggest petitioners for electoral disputes at the Constitutional Court. The Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan – “PDIP”) is the party with the highest number of petitions submitted to the Constitution Court with a total of 112 cases. The second most litigious is Great Indonesia Movement (Gerakan Indonesia Raya – “Gerindra”) at 72 cases. The third biggest petitioner is the National Democratic (Nasional Demokrasi – “Nasdem”) Party at 63 cases. The party with the least number of cases relating to the 2019 Legislative Elections is the Indonesian Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Indonesia – “PSI”) at 4 cases.
Other than the number of cases, the analysis also classified the types of dispute petitions submitted by political party into three categories. First, disputes between parties that participated in the elections at 243 cases. Second, there are 260 cases about disputes of electoral results with the Election Commission (Komisi Pemilihan Umum – “KPU”). Third, 94 cases of internal dispute over electoral results within the parties themselves.
The party with the highest number of internal dispute cases is Gerindra at 32 cases, followed by the Functional Group (Golongan Karya – “Golkar”) party at 22 cases, and Democrat Party at 13 cases. “We have also mapped out the cases petitioned by Legislative Candidates with top candidacy numbers to the Constitution Court. 74 cases were petitioned by Legislative Candidates numbered 1, followed by 35 cases petitioned by Legislative Candidates number 2, and 13 cases petitioned by Legislative Candidates number 3. Democrat Party and Gerindra Party are the parties with the highest number of number 1 Legislative Candidates petitioning for dispute at the Constitution Court, at 24 cases each,” said Perludem Researcher Fadli Ramadhani.
The province with the highest number of cases is Papua at 90 cases, followed by North Sumatra at 57 cases and by East Java and Central Java at 38 cases each. The province with the least number of electoral dispute cases at the Constitution Court is Yogyakarta at 2 cases and Bali at 3 cases.
Finally, Perludem monitored the hearing process at the Constitution Court. Since the first hearing was held on 9 July 2019, the entire process went well. “There are three arguments for the petition submitted before the court. First, arguments relating to the legitimacy of the List of Voters. Second, illegal addition and subtraction of votes during the summarizing process. Third, the neutrality of electoral organizers. All of these arguments must be proven in order to ascertain that the 2019 Elections really did go democratically and fairly,” said Perludem Director Titi Anggraini. (Dan)