Ministry of Home Affairs insist on adding 31 million people to final voters list

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(illustration: IO/Agung)

IO, Jakarta – “It’s not the people who vote that count. It’s the people who count the votes.” This quote, attributed to Joseph Stalin, former leader of the Soviet Union, aptly summarizes the spirit of the Simultaneous Elections that is slated to be held on April 2019.

6 months nearing the Legislative Elections and Presidential Elections, classic issues relating to the Confirmed Voter List (Daftar Pemilih Tetap – “DPT”) have come back to haunt us. Earlier in 5 September, the Elections Commission (Komisi Pemilihan Umum – “KPU”) strictly validated its Temporary Voter List (Daftar Pemilih Sementara – “DPS”) into the Final Voter List for 2019 Elections. Soon after KPU striked the gavel on the issue, it was discovered that 31 million voters are not yet included in the DPT list, resulting in a conflict of opinion between the two agencies most responsible for the DPT.

KPU RI Commissioner Viryan Azis noted there are 31 million voters who are potentially not listed in the DPT, even though they are recorded in the electronic “Citizen Identity Card” (e-KTP Card) scheme. Viryan explained that the figure was based on reports from the Directorate General of Demographics and Civil Registry (Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil – “Dukcapil”).

On the other hand, the Minister of Home Affairs Tjahjo Kumolo firmly stated that there is no data addition in the List of Potential Voter Citizens for the Elections (Daftar Penduduk Potensial Pemilih Pemilihan Umum – “DP4”) submitted by the Ministry of Home Affairs to KPU. This data of “31 million voters” is part of the 197 million in the DP4, submitted at the end of 2017. The public clearly notes that the voter data between the two major institutions remains unsynchronized, even though the time for the 5-yearly democratic event is quickly approaching. The lack of professionalism in processing DPT data raises doubts in the public’s hearts as to whether we can indeed hold a fair and honest election in our Motherland.

KPU vs. Ministry of Home Affairs
The Director General of Dukcapil of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Zidan Arif Fakrulloh, and KPU RI Commissioner, Viryan Azis, candidly discussed the facts about the “missing” 31 million voters with Independent Observer, according to their respective versions.

Director General of Dukcapil Zidan Arif Fakrulloh confirms that no additional demographic data has been submitted for DPT. “In order to forestall any bias among the people, I need to emphasize that DP4 was only submitted this once, on 15 December 2017. The Ministry of Home Affairs has submitted no new DP4 to KPU,” he said.

The DP4 submitted by the Ministry to KPU contains about 196 million legal voters. Later, on 5 September 2018, KPU confirmed the DPT. According to mutual agreement, KPU, political parties, and the Ministry of Home Affairs were provided with the resultant DPT on 7 September 2018, so that they could analyze it jointly. Later, the Ministry of Home Affairs analyzes the DPT by comparing it with the DP4. “We submit the result of this comparative analysis to KPU as our morale support, to show that the Ministry of Home Affairs is also concerned about maintaining the accuracy of voter data. Actually, the Ministry of Home Affairs is not obliged to perform this analysis. However, as an expression of our moral responsibility, the Ministry of Home Affairs performs the analysis and submits the results to KPU,” Zidan said.

“We perform this analysis because we have an active demographic database that we update once every 6 months. Therefore, the Ministry of Home Affairs compared the DPT with the 196 million items in the DP4. 160 million of the items match, while the remaining 31 million do not tally up. This number is comprised of people who are recorded in the Citizens Database, but not yet included in the DPT. This number is not a new addition, but derived from the DP4’, with its total of 196 million items. The remaining 4 million or so mismatch is data of citizens who are neither registered in the Citizens’ Register nor in DPT,” Zidan said.

Zidan continues to reiterate that there has been no addition to the number of people in DP4, and that nobody has been slipped in on the sly. “Therefore, the Ministry of Home Affairs helps KPU by showing that ‘Here, we have analyzed the list: some citizens are recorded in our database but not yet included in the DPT’. The requirement for a citizen’s entry into DPT is that s/he must have an e-ID Card. When they are duly recorded in the Citizens’ Register, they would necessarily have an e-ID. This is the condition that we must explain so that everyone has the same understanding: there is no new or additional citizen data in DP4,” he stressed.

Zidan further confirmed that this data on 31 million is fully accessible to KPU. The Ministry of Home Affairs has given its database password to KPU, so that KPU can check. The Demographic Administration Law emphasizes that citizens’ name and address data must not be given out, unless compelled by law. “Individuals’ data must never be given to any random person or agency that requests them, because Article 79 of the Demographic Administration Law mandates that the confidentiality of individuals’ data must be protected. Aggregate data, however, can be requested. They can open the name and address data with our access, they can see that there have been no data transfers through CDs, hard disks, or others. The Ministry of Home Affairs has given access rights to KPU, to 514 regency/municipal KPUs, 31 Provincial KPUs, and KPU RI. With this password, KPU is free to open Dukcapil data as needed. There is no need for them to request data by name or by address, because they can open it freely for themselves,” he said.

All data of every citizen listed in the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Citizen Data is accessible. “The data is there – all you need to do is type in your Citizen’s Registry Number; you can open it. Type your name, birth date – there are many elements in the citizen data. But in terms of access rights, I assure you that we can open it. Use the password and username provided by Director General of Dukcapil to KPU optimally, and DPT voter data can become more accurate. We are very open already, so transparent that we give them passwords, and they can open the data anytime they want. How much more transparent do you want?” he asked.

The administration of voter data is already regulated by law. The Elections Law regulates that DP4 must be compared with the DPT for the latest election. KPU Regulations, specifically KPU Regulation Number 11 of 2018 Article 7, also stipulates that initial voter data is taken out of DP4.

“Later on, the people can understand why this phenomenon occurs. The thing is that we only take initial voter data from DP4. We understand that voter data is the sole authority of KPU. Therefore, the Ministry of Home Affairs would not intervene. Go ahead, everything is within KPU’s authority. We support any step KPU may take to ensure the accuracy of the DPT. For us, it does not matter how many people are listed in the DPT. Feel free – that is KPU’s domain. We are only providing input to KPU, pointing out that there are some doubled data items in the DPT, and that we can open up the Citizen’s Database for them to check it out. we can also give them solution, “Here is the doubled data: some do not have their Citizen Registry Number filled in, some don’t have their Family Card Number filled in – everything is there in our analysis report. We have submitted it to KPU as a step for correcting the DPT, as it is our moral responsibility to create an accurate DPT,” Zidan said. “We have already given the latest demographic data, not just DP4, but a list of Net Consolidated Data (Data Konsolidasi Bersih – “DKB”). What we give is the neat demographic data for Semester I of 2018. We have submitted this to KPU. Once every six months, the Dukcapil of the Ministry of Home Affairs consolidates its data because there will always be people who move, die, etc.”

Meanwhile, KPU RI Commissioner Viryan Azis stated that after the DPT was confirmed on 5 September, DPT data was submitted to the Elections Monitoring Agency (Badan Pengawas Pemilihan Umum – “Bawaslu”), political parties, and the Ministry of Home Affairs. Later, the DPT would be analyzed by the Dukcapil of the Ministry of Home Affairs. Actually, Dukcapil does not have the duty or function to perform such things. In the elections, Dukcapil only has three duties: first, they are given the List of Aggregate Citizen Data by District (Data Agregat Kependudukan per Kecamatan – “DAK2”) so that they can organize Election Sectors. Second, they are given the DP4 as material for consideration when putting together the List of Voters. Third, they are given updated demographic data once every 6 for the entirety of the 260 million citizens of Indonesia.

“However, I don’t know why Dukcapil later analyzes the DPT, based on what consideration. Further, we also don’t know what considerations impel them to publish the data. The Dukcapil sent us a letter dated 15 September 2018 with courtesy copies sent to several parties, meaning that other agencies also know about it. On 16 September there was a second correction of the DPT, name and address data were given again. There were several analyses made, one of them being that Dukcapil found 31 million something voters are listed in DP4 but not yet listed in the DPT. However, they did not include the names of these 31 million so-called “missing voters”. So, there are data elements that are analyzed but not by name. We need the names to clarify that there really are 31 million voters listed in the DP4 but not in the DPT. Once again, DP4 comes from the government. Well, the number of voters in the DP4 data when they submitted it on 15 September was 196 million. DPT from KPU says there are 187 million voters. So, there is a difference of 31 million. Dukcapil stated that these 31 million voters are already in the DP4, but how come they’re not listed in the DPT? These 31 million are voters who are recorded for electronic Citizen Identity Card purposes, but it is unclear whether they already have e-ID Cards or not. Later, after 16 September, we sent a letter to Dukcapil to request the name data of these 31 million “missing voters”, but they still have not responded so far. Why did we ask for the name data? Because we would like to recheck the analysis. I mean, we are thinking positive thoughts, but we also wonder why Dukcapil performs an analysis that, excuse me for saying this, may not be correct in the end. After all, it is KPU who has the authority for data processing,” Viryan said.

“So, during an event, I told them that we have this data saying that 31 million voters are missing, but they are not named. It was only then that Dukcapil sent us a letter on 5 October. However, the files could not be opened, and we only informed them of this on 8 October. Now, we have performed 2 actions relating to the data. First, we have analyzed the 31 million of incomplete data. Of the 31 million items, which Dukcapil claimed to exist in the DP4 but not in the DPT, 3.9 million were not in DP4: that’s odd. We analyzed and compared these 31 million items with DP4 data from Dukcapil itself, resulting in the conclusion that 3.9 million of these items are not in Dukcapil’s own DP4 data, and 3 million other entries are already in the DPT. That’s the result of our processing. Later, we check downwards to our subordinate levels. They are currently processing and reviewing the data, and they will not be submitting the result until the end of this month. To repeat: of the 31 million unusual data, 3.9 million are not to be found in the DP4. Dukcapil does not know this yet as we are running our analysis, but we have checked it for sure. The authority for creating voter data does not rest with Dukcapil, but with KPU,” he said.

Viryan further said that Law Number 7 of 2017 Article 201 Paragraph 8 states that the government submits consolidated demographic data to KPU once every 6 months. Yet in fact, the Government has not submitted the data at all this year, while they should have submitted it twice by now. Data collection and submission is part of Dukcapil’s duty to KPU. “But in its release, Dukcapil said that it has submitted the data. The DKB should contain data of all citizens in entirety. Yet they only gave us data for 195 million citizens, while we actually have 260 million citizens or so. Voter data organization should be performed entirely by KPU, and KPU updates its database with additional materials from Dukcapil. This is regulated by law,” he said.

The lack of coordination between the Ministry of Home Affairs and KPU reveals a worrisome lack of professionalism. Viryan said that it’s up to the public to make the judgment. “We work strictly within our authority. We ask that Dukcapil complete the printing of the unfinished e-ID Cards if they want to help us. I hope that the Dukcapil will state honestly and openly about how many e-Cards have actually been printed and how many remain, because e-ID Cards are the basis for the use of citizens’ voting rights. The demographic data that we ask for has to do with how many citizens already have their e-ID Cards, but Dukcapil has not given it to us. So, we ask the Dukcapil to satisfy their duties first. As for moral support, never mind the morality, just do what the Law tells you to do. There is moral responsibility and regulatory responsibility. Well, are we now going to use moral responsibility or regulatory responsibility as the basis for measuring performance?” he said.

The Same Old DPT Issue
Arif Susanto, Exposit Strategic Political Observer, said that “31 million voters” is a big number. When KPU initially determined that the DPT contains 187 million voters, a revision was later made in September and the number was revised to 185 million DPT entries. “There should have been no more revisions after that. But it is a repeat offence that occurs once every 5 years: KPU nearly always revises voter data. There are two main causes. The first is the fact that our national demographic data is not yet fully integrated, and the second is the weakness of coordination between KPU and the Dukcapil of the Ministry of Home Affairs,” he said. “KPU stated that it wants to verify the data, and the Ministry of Home Affairs said that the data has already been submitted, including names and addresses. However, monitoring is clearly a must, because this is not only in the interest of the Presidential Candidates or Legislative Candidates, but it is in the public interest,” Arif said.

This shows that our demographic administration has been perpetually beset by problems. Therefore, the Ministry of Home Affairs must improve its demographic administration. This is a government duty that it must discharge, unrelated to current Elections. It means that if demographic data can be covered properly, it will have many uses, from the personal needs of the people, to the organization of distribution of subsidies, for elections, etc. Coordination of this data must be performed between KPU and the Ministry of Home Affairs. Monitoring can be performed not only by Bawaslu or election participants, but also by the public. “If these three things can occur simultaneously, I have hopes that the 2019 Elections can be better run than the 2014 Elections,” Arif said.

Meanwhile, Ujang Komarudin, a Political Observer from Al-Azhar University Jakarta, said that the fact that 31 million voters are not included in the DPT means that election organizers, including the Ministry of Home Affairs, can be charged. The people have voting rights in elections. They have the sovereignty and right to vote without elections.

Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia – “LIPI”) Political Observer, Siti Zuhro said that the 31 million voters not included in the DPT might pose serious problems when the elections are held. Therefore, we all must encourage the organizers to resolve this issue as quickly as they can instead of waiting for the deadline to come in November. This issue will trigger yet another electoral crisis, as we have bitterly proven from election to election. The issues always revolve around the DPT. “We must learn from experience, wherein nobody would accept whatever result of our elections because the voting is considered not to have included names of the people who should be voting. Resolving the DPT issue is a great concern for all presidential candidates,” she said.

Siti further stated that a successful election depends on many factors and parties. The data is first generated in the Ministry of Home Affairs, then processed into DPT. KPU must perform all updates quickly and accurately. Having organized 4 national elections over the years; this experience must naturally have generated lessons and references, so that we should not make the same mistake over and over. How can we at least reduce this DPT fight significantly, in order to prevent distortion relating to who voting citizens actually are, and who they actually vote for. “It is also so ridiculous – we have held 4 national elections but this still happens: 1400 Regional Elections come and gone and we are still stuck with DPT issues. In this context, we are suffering from serious stagnation,” she said.

The e-ID was suggested before the termination of President SBY’s rule, in order to make it more convenient both for the people who have voting rights and the people who administer the votes. However, many issues relating to e-ktp arose later as well. So, we really haven’t finished the process of taking the public’s data, and this might prove a time bomb when we hold the elections, because the data must be accurate.

Indications of Foul Play
Margarito Kamis, State Administration Law Expert, explained that based on our electoral experience, foul play always hatches from DPT, whether in Regional Elections or Presidential Elections. DPT inaccuracy also causes the number of votes to be inaccurate. Something like this also happened in the United States. Jeb Bush, Florida’s Governor at the time, refused to include 50,000 people in the Final Voter List. Florida ended up giving the win to George W. Bush, Jeb Bush’s brother, in the elections. “But nowadays we cannot simply state our suspicion as to whether or not it really is foul play, because I cannot confirm KPU’s lack of independence. Let’s just simply take it as a fact. If we connect the entire thing with the fact that we experience, we note that treachery is always related to the DPT. Therefore, I insist that KPU immediately clarify this issue in order to maintain its independence and credibility,” he said.

Ujang Komarudin notes that the government originally tried to evade such suspicions. Therefore, disclosing information about 31 million voters is an obligation and necessity in order for the upcoming elections to be held fairly and honestly. This would absolutely maintain the legitimacy of any strong winning candidate. “If there are accusations of foul play, I would say that it is only natural; it is the people’s right. 31 million is not a small number, it is not something trivial. We appreciate every single vote out there – “One man. one vote.” We must resolve it, uproot the problem completely. In order to avoid accusations of treachery, the government must perform good governance,” he said.

As for suspicions of potential foul play, Arif Susanto thinks that it is premature for us to point fingers. However, it is clear that KPU and Ministry of Home Affairs’ performance should be criticized.

Siti Zuhro states that in regard to the suspicion about the missing 31million voters, if our condition remains the same from election to election, then similar suspicions will continue to arise. “We are allowed one mistake or two. Back in the 2014 Elections there were no incumbents, but now Jokowi has become the incumbent in this round and it is now being questioned. The Government itself has already left the resolution of this issue up to KPU, but there should have been accurate backup data from the start. Don’t blame each other for this, and that goes for both the Ministry of Home Affairs blaming KPU and vice versa. On the contrary, we hope for synergy in order for DPT accuracy to become reliable,” she said.

Accountability and Transparency
Margarito said that KPU must still make the effort to confirm and correct the 31 million voters’ data. KPU cannot either legally surrender, and also cannot legally dispute with the Minister of Home Affairs. The government’s attitude is reflected in the stance of the Minister of Home Affairs. Therefore, we cannot demand that the government show another attitude than what it has shown so far. This is why the Prabowo and Sandi Team can only urge the KPU not to be cowed by the government.

“Therefore, if a stalemate occurs, I suggest that Pak Prabowo and Pak Sandi take the Minister of Home Affairs’ uncooperative attitude to the State Administration Court. At a certain level, we can even charge him with the crime of obstruction of justice. We can do this now, because the Minister of Home Affairs has already demonstrated his attitude. That means the action is already complete, and because it already happened charges can be laid, whether to State Administration Court or to Criminal Court. If we take this to the Criminal Court, we could say that the Minister of Home Affairs is obstructing the people from exercising their voting rights as the reason,” Margarito said.

Margarito further stated that the Minister of Home Affairs’ response over this issue is an erroneous State administration stance for him to assume as an official, because the main principle of State Administration is that it must be transparent and accountable. “The Ministry of Home Affairs’ attitude is clearly non-transparent and unaccountable, which is a wrong stance to assume. We must encourage a more honest attitude. I suspect no bad motivation, while I find that this attitude is not in line with the principles of State Administration that all State Administration apparatus should comply with,” he said.

Arif Susanto believes that the DPT issue is not only a “Prabowo-Sandi” issue, but it is actually in the public interest to work it out. Therefore, KPU must offer a credible explanation to the public, and so should the Ministry of Home Affairs. Even though it is already stated that the 31 million missing voters are part of the List of Potential Voter Citizens for the Elections (or DP4) that the Ministry of Home Affairs has discussed with KPU. “Taking in experience from the latest Regional Elections, there was a similar problem of about 40 million added voters who were not included in the Final Voter List earlier, but later included in the list by KPU at the last minute. And most importantly, because data from Ministry of Home Affairs already includes names and addresses, adding the mismatched data was not too difficult. It was only a technical problem. However, the honor and quality of the Elections should not be degraded by such technicalities, because nowadays everything is computerized, and we also have reliable workers. There is little reason to be understanding of KPU’s less-than-satisfactory performance,” he said.

Again and again we say that the DPT issue is not merely the issue of any specific candidate or party, but everyone’s issue. “So, if we want to dispute it, I think this is not a part of a strategy to win elections. Election winning strategies tend to be more relevant to campaigns etc. However, this is more intimately related to the public interest. Both Prabowo’s and Jokowi’s side should be interested in keeping the DPT “clean”, so that it would not be tainted by something like double voters or a possibility that people who have voting rights are not included in the DPT. The candidates are set to lose if voting is questioned, but it is the voters themselves who are injured because of this, because it is related to their voting rights, that cannot be exercised due to being obstructed by administrative problems,” Arif said.

Arif further said that ever since President Soeharto no longer rules, we no longer have a substantial impediment preventing people from voting, or from voting the way that they want. However, the administrative and technical problems relating to DPT have remained a serious problem even up until the latest Regional Elections. Therefore, firstly the voters must be pro-active in confirming whether they are already included in the DPT or not. The public in general must then continue to monitor the performance of election organizers, starting from KPU, Bawaslu, to the Election Organizers’ Honorary Council (Dewan Kehormatan Penyelenggara Pemilihan Umum“DKPP”).

The fact that 31 million voters are not included in the DPT shows that the Ministry of Home Affairs is clearly incompetent. It has not managed to resolve demographic administration problems. “There are many causes for this, starting from corruption and extending to the administrative compliance problems rampant among our people. The demographic administration problem is actually not only caused by the Ministry of Home Affairs’ incompetence in data management, but also caused by the reluctance of some people to actively get themselves involved,” Arif said.

Ujang Komarudin has stated that this is the era for governments to be transparent and accountable. It is related to the people’s own rights and sovereignty. Therefore, KPU must be able to open the 31 million voters’ data. KPU must fight for it. “If it is not transparent, the people will develop a long-term suspicion. That would weaken the legitimacy of whoever the winning party is,” he said.

We need a pro-active opposing party in our current democratic climate. The issue is relevant for the 31 million voters themselves, not only for parties outside of the government. All parties should cooperate gladly in order to resolve this issue. “The Ministry of Home Affairs must be transparent, because if we cannot resolve this, it will become a bad precedent for democracy,” Ujang said. “Internal transparency only means that it is not fully realized. When transparency is adhered to and the people acknowledge it, that is true transparency. When anyone still questions it, when it is still doubtful, it means that the transparency remains incomplete,” he said.

Honest and Fair Elections
Margarito says that it is very difficult to imagine our Elections as something “fair”, let alone “honest”. However, we must not surrender and we must keep working on it. As people who are committed to honest, fair elections that satisfy the rights of the citizens, many people, especially Prabowo Subianto and his team, should take steps to achieve it. “We cannot say whether this phenomenon would disadvantage Prabowo’s coalition or the incumbent’s coalition because it is a long time away. However, Prabowo’s coalition, with its tagline of “Fairness and Prosperity”, must put their money where their mouth is by taking this step. The incumbent must also take the initiative and correct the issue. In this case, I think it would be reasonable if the incumbent reprimands the Minister of Home Affairs, as a “helper of the President”. We certainly hope that Pak Jokowi will instruct the Minister of Home Affairs to resolve the case. So far, I have not heard that the President is doing anything in that direction,” he said.

From the experience of cases like e-KTP distribution in Bogor, Margarito said, all of us, including the government must confirms that subsequent elections do not repeat bad past experience. Electoral foul play always starts with DPT. We want the elections to be honest and fair. Let us ensure that the elections are run within the proper legal tracks. “It is premature for us to say now that the government is taking advantage of the situation. The President should give the instruction to correct the current attitude of the Minister of Home Affairs nowadays, because elections are a mere few months away. If the government does not perform the correction, Prabowo’s coalition must take legal steps, even forcing the government to comply with the legal steps,” he said.

Similarly, Arif Susanto believes that honest and fair elections are still an unfinished task for Indonesia, not only because of the lack of professionalism of election organizers, but also because the other election participants, such as Presidential Candidates, Legislative Candidate, and their respective political parties, frequently contribute to the poor quality of elections, whether Presidential or Legislative. This occurs not only in the framework of administrative requirements such as voter involvement, but also in bigger, more substantial issues, such as offensive campaign materials. For example, the lack of witnesses is just one of the problems that political parties tend to harp on and politicize, despite the fact that the current Elections Law is more progressive than earlier Laws, in that it delegates stronger authority for monitoring, including allowing Bawaslu officials to enter Voting Points. “So, the political parties’ demand to put election witness funding into the State Budget is actually misdirected, because State Budget allocation for Bawaslu officials is already included at the lowest level, i.e. the Voting Points,” he said.

Again, the DPT issue must be resolved, Ujang said, because if it is not, it would be difficult to ensure the honesty and fairness of elections.

Relating to DPT, Siti Zuhro stated that the KPU must be quick in responding to the questions and demands from each Candidate Pair. It is possible that not only Prabowo-Sandi’s coalition, but the incumbent’s coalition may also be dissatisfied with DPT. “So KPU must work professionally by involving the Ministry of Home Affairs and other parties. We don’t want the people to think that we are keeping the DPT issue alive as a “playable” gray area. This would mess up the elections by sacrificing the people’s trust. If one of the Candidate Pairs feel that they are being disadvantaged, they naturally would not sign the election result acceptance letter,” she said

With this case and the suspicion it arouses, can we actually realize honest and fair elections? It would naturally be difficult, especially since there was the shameful case of e-KTP ID cards falling out of the transportation truck not long ago. Even though there are rejections of foul play, it still stands as a bad memory among the people. If there is any dissatisfaction on Election day, this bad memory will surely surface. This is the long-term issue that we must deal with after our 2019 elections.

Both the Prabowo coalition and the incumbent coalition must closely monitor this case until there is accurate accountability. We don’t want suspicions to accumulate, so we must resolve them completely by Election day. This case even causes mutual suspicion among the two Candidate Pairs: they feel constantly insecure because of it. It has been an issue before Jokowi became the incumbent, and it continues now that he is the incumbent. “So, the issue is not whether the incumbent cheats or not, as cheating already occurred before he was the incumbent. We must get to the bottom of this; we must understand that there are some basic issues that we need to explain. KPU is the one to be accountable for the process later. We would naturally impart our trust until time proves whether or not KPU can perform their duties relating to this case,” Siti Zuhro said.

Pro-active People
Arif Susanto stated that in this case, the government must perform breakthroughs in order to generate solutions. “With all of the government’s limitations – starting from the limitation of available manpower up until the limitation of the necessary instruments for data recording, I believe that the Supreme Court has shown a breakthrough by giving the voters the convenience of voting rights by using their ID Cards or another certificate equal to it,” he said. “The Government must ensure a warranty that KPU can implement, that people who have voting rights are guaranteed to be able to vote on Elections Day.”

These 31 million voters are important, because the people’s sovereignty must be championed in the upcoming 2019 Presidential Elections. “We naturally want good elections, a legitimate president, whoever gets voted in. This reflects democracy, which gives great rights to the people to select their own leaders,” stated Ujang.

Siti Zuhro hopes that the people also become pro-active in protecting their voting rights. People must not be mere voters, but they must also ensure that their votes are not abused but instead used properly to protect their rights and desires as citizens. “We know that the Minister of Home Affairs is a politician, but he is also a person in charge as well as a cadre of the Democratic Struggle Party. This would arouse the public’s suspicion, and the duty of the civil society is to express their suspicions so that the people in charge do not try something funny because they are strongly monitored and watched. In order to avoid the suspicion of taking advantage of this case, the Government must state the truth and be professional. They must make accountable decisions. To repeat, there must be public accountability, there must be transparency and accountability. The President becomes the incumbent and has the interest of asking the people for their support. The people will gladly give their support if they believe that the incumbent is trustworthy. In order to be trusted, the incumbent must be professional, transparent, and accountable, must be strongly committed. This case is a gamble for Jokowi: if he cannot show what he campaigns, “Clean and Simple”, the people will notice the gap between the image being built and the reality,” she said. (Dessy Aipipidely, Ekawati)