IO – Corruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi – “KPK”) Vice Chairman Nurul Ghufron states that the crime of corruption occurs at just about all levels. “By reading the data of corruption eradication from 2004 to 2020, we notice that corruption crime is equally spread throughout the country. There is no difference in what party they come from, no difference in whatever tribe, race, or religion they originate from,” Ghufron stated during the virtual 2020 Anti-Corruption Summit (“ACS”) held on Wednesday (18/11/2020).
Corrupt criminals remain relatively the same over the ages. The majority of them are businessmen, regional heads, members of the House, and officials, whether central or regional. No fewer than 27 governors form 34 provinces have been indicted for their involvement in various corruption cases. This 16 years of KPK data shows that 22 provinces are involved in corruption cases, including individuals from Aceh, Lampung, DKI Jakarta, Banten, West Java, Central Java, East Java, Bali, West Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, and North Sulawesi. Funny enough, 64% of these corruptors are college graduates. “Now, let’s ask ourselves this important question: Do so many arrests show us to be successful, or do we really need to evaluate strategic approaches so that we can eradicate corruption by preventing it from the roots up?” he said.
KPK data further shows that 297 corruption cases involve private businessmen, while another 257 involve members of the House of Representatives (both Central and Regional Houses). 142 cases involve Echelon I, II, and III officials. The remaining criminals captured from 2004 to July 2020 include mayors, judges, prosecutors, lawyers, and governors, as well as institutional commissioners and law enforcers. “The biggest wrongdoers work as private businessmen. Why? Because it is they who have vested interest in State administration, who require prioritization. Who are their targets? Usually members of the House, Regional Representatives and officials in the provinces, regencies, and municipalities,” Ghufron said.
He further stated that the modus operandi usually involves briberies in procurement of goods and services (206 cases), permits (23 cases), and miscellaneous briberies (683 cases). “60% of corruption cases involve bribery, 20% procurement of goods and services, and the rest,” Ghufron said. “The methods they use to cover their tracks remain the same: The use of cash, false transfers between personal accounts, or transactions made using foreign currencies. Some transactions in large amounts are done overseas, in order to prevent the KPK and other Indonesian law enforcers from finding out.” (DR)