Sunday, June 4, 2023 | 23:36 WIB

Ischemic heart disease and congenital coronary illness


dr. Siska S. Danny, Sp.JP(K)
dr. Siska S. Danny, Sp.JP(K) (Priv. Doc.)

The danger lies in the fact that complaints relating to heart attacks tend to be non-specific: “A patient will usually feel a horrible chest pain that spreads out to their back, neck, and jaws. In other cases, the patient suffers from a cold sweat or breathing difficulties. These signs can also indicate other illnesses, including stomach acid reflux, so people tend to ignore them. However, suspicion of heart attack should be prioritized, to ensure that the patient is not late in getting the treatment they need. Never delay! Get the patient to a hospital at once when something like this happens.” 

To diagnose a heart attack, the doctor will perform an electrocardiogram (EKG), or make a heart record, to discover whether or not the patient’s cardiac electrical activity is interrupted or not by a heart muscle injury. If the result remains inconclusive, they will check heart protein levels, because those in a normal heart tend to be low, but will rise significantly in heart attack patients. Before it’s too late, please adopt a healthy lifestyle with proper eating and routine medium-intensity exercise, for at least 150 minutes a week. 

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“ACS Registry 2018-2019 data shows that 83.5% of heart disease patients are men, with an average age of 57 years. 65% of these are smokers, 51% of them suffer from hypertension and 27% from diabetes, and 11.7% end up dying in hospitals. For first aid during heart attacks, make sure that the airway is open and in good condition. Afterwards, compress the heart from the outside. This is actually a simple basic life aid that’s easy to learn. If you do it properly, it may save a person’s life,” she concluded.


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