Indonesia targets zero emissions by 2060

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Indonesia targets zero emissions by 2060
Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar. Photo: MENLHK.GO.ID

IO – Environment and Forestry Minister Siti Nurbaya Bakar has admitted that Indonesia will not be able to achieve net zero emissions 2050. The country will stick to its initial deadline: 2060.

The Minister said that the proposition to expedite the net zero target by 2050 came up at the United Nations Summit on climate change, or called COP26, in Glasgow, Scotland, Monday (1/11/2021). The U.K. urges all countries to achieve net zero emissions by the middle of this century.

Net zero emissions means reducing carbon emissions to a level that can be fully absorbed by nature. It was agreed upon, in the effort to stop global warming and hold the increase in global warming to 1.5C.

Siti explained that Indonesia has evaluated its ability to reduce emissions in key sectors, such as forestry, energy, industry and waste. For example, in the forestry sector, net zero is expected to be achieved by 2030, while in the
energy sector, it will manifest in 2054 or 2056. “Therefore, we are still formally targeting 2060 or sooner,” Siti said.

Earlier, she revealed that in the last 6-7 years, there have been many results from the work of the Government and the Environment and Forestry Ministry concerning climate change measures. Effective collaboration between the Government, community, businesses, academics, activists and the media becomes a determining factor for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Indonesia.

Indonesia’s initiative and achievements in climate change management, “leading by example”, have been recognized by the international community and considered as one of the best on the planet.

An effective combination of policy, empowerment and law enforcement in Indonesia has successfully inhibited deforestation, to its lowest level in history. On the issue of forest and land fire management, Indonesia has satisfactorily reduced the wildfres up to 82%, contrary to the increases occurring in several regions in America, Australia and Europe. For two years (2020-2021), Indonesia has also managed to dodge a bullet called double disasters: forest fres happening simultaneously with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Indonesia is committed in protecting coastal ecosystems, such as mangrove forests, seagrass, coral reefs and peatlands, which are scientifcally proven to absorb and store considerably more carbon than tropical forests. To show its commitment, Indonesia has released an initiative to restore 600
thousand hectares of damaged mangrove forests over the next three years, by 2024. (eka)