Fort Rotterdam
The tale of old building on a coastal city

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Benteng Rotterdam
Fort Rotterdam. (IO/Pramita Hendra)

Makassar, IO – Makassar, the capital of South Sulawesi province is also known as the City of Anging Mamiri and the City of Daeng. Like other big cities in Indonesia, vibrant city life continues well into the evening. The glittering lights indicate that the city’s economy is still humming even during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Even though modernity has brought about significant changes in the city, Makassar is still known for its rich history. One of them is the museum that has stood witness to the struggle of the people of Makassar during the Dutch colonial rule — Fort Rotterdam.

Benteng Rotterdam
Historical artefacts found around the fort.(IO/Pramita Hendra)

Observerid.com had the opportunity to visit the city recently. After flying for 2.5 hours from Jakarta, I landed at Sultan Hasanuddin Airport. Overcast sky greeted my arrival that afternoon. It only takes 30 minutes from the airport to Fort Rotterdam.

Fort Ujung Pandang

Fort Rotterdam was formerly known as Fort Ujung Pandang. It is a relic of the Kingdom of Gowa-Tallo centered on the west coast of the city. The fort was built in 1545 by the 10th King of Gowa I Manrigau Daeng Bonto Karaeng Lakiung.

Initially this fort was built using clay. However, in 1634, Sultan Alauddin replaced it using limestone mined from the Karst Mountains in Maros.