Wednesday, September 27, 2023 | 14:23 WIB

Early detection of thyroid disorders


Jakarta, IO – International Thyroid Awareness Week (ITAW) and World Thyroid Day every May 25-31 are celebrated as an impetus to raise awareness about the importance of early detection of thyroid disorders, to get the right therapy.

The thyroid is an important gland that plays a role in regulating the body’s metabolism. The thyroid hormone is needed to help the body use energy to stay warm and to keep the brain, heart, muscles, and other organs working as they should. 

In Indonesia, data for 2022, the prevalence of hyperthyroidism is 13.2 million with a very low treatment rate of only 6.2%, while the prevalence of hypothyroidism is 12.4 million with a treatment rate of 1.9%.

However, in some cases, congenital hypothyroidism can be passed on from mother to her newborn, which can result in serious health problems and mental disability. 

“The diagnosis and treatment of patients with thyroid dysfunction in Indonesia is still not optimal. Iodine deficiency disorders that affect the thyroid can be suffered by children, adolescents, pregnant women, adults, and the elderly.

The recommended iodine requirement is 150 ug per day, for children under the age of 5 years 90 mcg per day, for 6-12 years 150 mcg per day, and for pregnant and lactating women 250 mcg per day. Treatment includes phytopharmaca, surgery, and radio nuclear ablation.

Therefore, in thyroid therapy, doctors with multidisciplinary knowledge are needed, namely pediatricians, internal medicine specialists, surgical oncology, obstetrics and gynecology, radiology, ophthalmology, clinical nutrition, neurology, pathology, and nuclear medicine specialists as well,” said the Chairman of Central Board of the Indonesian Thyroid Association (PP Inata), Dr. dr. Tjokorda Gde Dalem Pemayun, Sp.PD-KEMD, FINASIM, at a signing ceremony for the RAISE Thyroid program in Jakarta, Thursday (25/5/2023). 


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