Nonetheless, Chinese leaders continue to emphasize the importance of the principles of harmony, balance, and non-interference in their approach to international relations. They have promoted initiatives such as the Belt and Road Initiative, which seeks to promote economic development and connectivity across Asia, Europe, and Africa. They have also sought to strengthen multilateral institutions such as the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, emphasizing the importance of cooperation and mutual respect.
China’s approach to international relations is also shaped by its history as a victim of colonialism and imperialism. Chinese leaders are keenly aware of the country’s past humiliations at the hands of foreign powers, and are determined to prevent a recurrence of such events. They have sought to promote a “China Dream” of national rejuvenation, in which China assumes a position of pride and respect in the world.
As China continues to grow and assert its influence on the world stage, its philosophy of harmony and balance is likely to play an increasingly important role in shaping its approach to international relations. It may be able to promote stability and peace in a world that is becoming increasingly complex and interconnected.
In conclusion, Chinese philosophy has had a significant influence on the way that China approaches international relations. The principles of the “Mandate of Heaven”, harmony, and non-interference have all shaped China’s historical approach to the world. As China emerges as a global superpower, these principles continue to guide its approach to international relations, even as the country faces new challenges and tensions with other nations. As the world becomes increasingly multipolar, China’s philosophy of harmony and balance may provide a valuable framework for promoting stability and cooperation in the international system.
Raihan Ronodipuro is a Master’s student in School of Public Policy & Management at Tsinghua University, China. Previously, he was awarded a Chinese MOFCOM Scholarship and earned a Master of Law in International Relations from the School of International and Public Affairs at Jilin University in China. He serves as an Associate Researcher in the Department of Politics and Security at the Center for Indonesia-China Studies (CICS). He is presently a member of the International Relations Commission at the Directorate of Research and Studies for the Overseas Indonesian Students’ Association Alliance (OISAA) 2022/2023.