Jakarta, IO – Chinese philosophy has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. Its principles and values have had a significant influence on the way that China has approached international relations throughout history. Today, as China emerges as a global superpower, its philosophical tradition continues to shape its approach to international relations. In this article, we will explore the relationship between Chinese philosophy and international relations.
One of the key principles of Chinese philosophy is the concept of the “Mandate of Heaven.” This principle holds that rulers are delegated their authority by the divine, but that they can lose this authority if they fail to govern justly and wisely. This concept has had a significant influence on the way that China has approached international relations. Chinese leaders have historically believed that they have a responsibility to govern justly, not just within their own borders, but also in relations with other nations. They have sought to promote peace and stability, and to avoid conflict and aggression.
Another important concept in Chinese philosophy is the principle of “harmony.” This principle emphasizes the importance of balance and harmony in all aspects of life, including international relations. Chinese leaders have historically sought to maintain a balance of power in the international system, avoiding domination by any one nation or group of nations. They have also emphasized the importance of cooperation and mutual respect in their relations with other nations.
A third important concept in Chinese philosophy is the principle of “non-interference.” This principle holds that nations should respect each other’s sovereignty and avoid interfering in each other’s internal affairs. Chinese leaders have historically been cautious about interfering in the affairs of other nations, believing that such interference could lead to conflict and instability.
Despite these principles, China’s approach to international relations has not always been peaceful or cooperative. In the early years of the People’s Republic of China, for example, the country pursued an aggressive foreign policy, seeking to spread communism and support revolutionary movements around the world. In more recent years, China’s growing economic and military power has led to tensions with other nations, particularly the United States.