Tuesday, July 23, 2024 | 17:14 WIB

BRIN: Sumba Island Has Been Inhabited Since 2,800 Years Ago


Jakarta, IO – The National Innovation Research Agency (BRIN) research team discovered that Sumba Island has been inhabited by humans for at least 2,800 years, with the oldest date being at the Melolo Site.

This was revealed by BRIN Research Center for Environmental, Maritime and Cultural Archeology (PR ALMBB) researcher Retno Handini. Her team focused on three of the four sites on the Sumba Island used as a research locations, namely the Lambanapu, Mborombaku, and Melolo sites, per BRIN, Thursday (11/7).

“Meanwhile, the Lambanapu site was inhabited around 2,600 years ago. The Mborombaku Site is relatively younger, around 1300 BP,” said Retno.

BRIN carried out excavations of the Melolo site and found 26 human skeletons estimated to be hundreds of thousands of years old as well as ancient objects in the form of carved jugs.

Meanwhile, in the Mborombaku site area, a location was found near the Kadahang River, Haharu district, East Sumba regency, which is thought to be the location where Sumba ancestors first landed.

“We also found ancient remains in the form of Fujian celadon ceramics from the Yuan Dynasty dating to the 13th century,” she added.

Meanwhile, Lambanapu excavations were carried out from 2015 to 2016. At this site, 52 ancestral graves of the Sumbanese tribe were found and 58 unmarked graves.

“Here we also found relics such as rings, pearls and objects shaped like clay jugs with decorations or carvings,” said Retno.

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Head of the ALMBB BRIN Research Center, Marlon Ririmase, said that the origins of Indonesian society and culture are closely related to Austronesian prehistory. “This is an important variable in the cultural diversity of traditional Indonesian society,” said Marlon.

According to him, there is a close relationship between the migration of Austronesian speakers and the maritime knowledge and traditions and traditional maritime technology of Indonesian society. (bp)


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