36% corruption cases involve political parties, KPK anti-corruption education program

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KPK’s Director of Community Education and Service (Pendidikan dan Pelayanan Masyarakat – “Dikyanmas”) Giri Suprapdiono. (Photo: Prive. Doc)

IO – The Corruption Eradication Commission (Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi – “KPK”) states that 36% of the cases it handles involve political party circles. Therefore, KPK is holding a discussion about inserting anti-corruption education with eight political parties. In this event, “Several important points were discussed, and what I think is the most important is the political parties’ commitment to build integrity and anti-corruption culture as the primary capital in corruption eradication,” said KPK’s Director of Community Education and Service (Pendidikan dan Pelayanan Masyarakat – “Dikyanmas”) Giri Suprapdiono in the press conference after the meeting, meant to discuss anti-corruption education in political parties, attended by representatives of the eight political parties, the KPK, the Ministry of Home Affairs, and the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia – “LIPI”), on Monday (23/11/2020). 

The meeting was in the form of a forum group discussion (FGD) hosted by KPK. It was attended by the General Secretary or Vice General of the eight parties, including Great Indonesia Movement (Gerakan Indonesia Raya – “Gerindra”) Party (Ahmad Muzani), National Democrat Party (Johny G. Plate), Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera – “PKS”) (M. Rozaq), United Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan – “PPP”) Moh. Qoyum, and National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa – “PKB”) (Cucun Ahmad S.) as representatives; as well as the Director of Home Politics of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Syarmadani. Only the National Mandate Party (Partai Amanat Nasional – “PAN”) representative failed to appear physically and attended online. 

In the meeting, the political party attendees expressed their commitment to organize internal political education that embeds anti-corruption principles. Included in the education program is the insertion of anti-corruption material in their 2021 cadre induction program, named the Anti-corruption Education Program for Politicians Program (Program Pendidikan Anti-korupsi for Politisi – “Proparpol”). The parties also planned to make a joint public declaration of anti-corruption education by their General Chairmen. “We hope that the General Chairmen of political parties will deliver a joint declaration of anti- corruption education for political parties, which, of course, is an education in politics that includes anti-corruption materials,” Giri said. 

Acting Spokeswoman of the KPK Ipi Maryati stated that political parties as the main pillar of the democratic system play a strategic role. Consequently, they must be managed transparently, democratically, and accountably, whether in terms of human resource governance, financial assets and resource management, along with management of the party itself as a modern organization. KPK’s research shows that the primary factors that cause integrity issues in parties are: a lack of ethical standards for both the party and individual politicians, traditional means of political recruitment and cadre induction (by “personal recommendations” instead of open testing), opaque and non-accountable funding, and sham implementation of democracy in the internal management of the parties. Therefore, an institutionalized integrity system for political parties is necessary to ensure that all political behavior, action, and choices of these parties really reflect a consolidated democratic system that will in turn truly build a proper, corruption- free governance. 

LIPI researcher Moch. Nurhasim welcomes the commitment KPK has entered into with the eight political parties, to include anti-corruption material in the internal political education of the parties. Including such material in internal political education is a process of mutual literacy. After all, democracy cannot be implemented without political parties. Therefore, political parties, LIPI, and KPK need to cooperate in reforming the parties internally. “How do we reform the internality of the parties as democratic institutions in the spirit or mandate of the Constitution? Doing so will allow these institutions to serve as a solid foundation for developing our people and our State better in the future,” he said.

 Attendee General Secretary of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan – “PDIP”), Hasto Kristiyanto, reported that all attending political parties described their individual political concepts. “All of the Party representatives are fully aware of the importance of anti-corruption education. “This discussion is extremely positive. We appreciate KPK for having approached us political parties for a common dialog. We also agree with all aspects of inserting anti- corruption education in political parties,” he said. 

Vice General Secretary of the Democrat Party Renanda Bachtar stated that his Party has established a special department to deal with KPK-related issues in 2015. The Party cooperates with KPK for providing anti-corruption education materials, and also in managing anti-corruption schools in several provinces. “Today, we discussed inserting anti-corruption education to the internal organization of the Party itself. In the future, we will also learn about how to improve cooperation in other forms, as we want to eradicate corruption in Indonesia starting from within the Party,” he said. 

Meanwhile, General Secretary of Functional Group (Golongan Karya – “Golkar”) Party Lodewijk F. Paulus hopes that KPK will unveil an anti-corruption curriculum soon. “As we have our own short- to medium- term political education program, naturally we expect to integrate the KPK syllabus or curriculum. What we need to know includes how many lessons it will take, with an assumption that each lesson takes about 45 minutes, and what are the theories and practices of good governance,” he said. (Dan)